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Pak Tea House » Islam, Islamism, Religion, violence » The Elevator to Power

The Elevator to Power

Saad Hafiz

Dramatic reporting and exposés on western news channels suggest that Islamic radicalism is flourishing in the member states of the European Union and in North America. News items tend to focus on a small segment of Islamic activists who espouse extremist and radical ideologies and who have resorted to violence and terrorism against both Muslims and non-Muslims alike. This does not support the sweeping, superficial theory offered by some who represent the Islamo-phobic school of thought, namely that Islam as a whole — and not only its radical factions — is intrinsically militant, fanatical, evil, violent, anti-western and anti-Semitic.

Studies have singled out political Salafism, the fastest-growing global radical Islamic movement, which preaches a strictly conservative form of Islam, as attracting second and third generation immigrants in the West. This strictly orthodox and uncompromising form of Islam is attractive to young Muslims. The growth of Salafism and its offshoots, seen as the ‘elevator to power’ in some major Muslim societies, draws the impressionable youth. Slogans heard on Muslim streets like, “Ultimately Islam will become the supreme power” and “God is great” will reverberate “until Islam spreads throughout the world” also resonate with Muslim youth in the west. Mosques and radical clerics play a crucial role, using the victim card and laying blame on the west for the terrible, unfolding events where people are being killed for ‘being Muslims’.

Opponents see Salafism as a threat to democracy as it rejects innovation, frowns on interactions with non-believers and deems that the only legitimate laws come from God. Proponents argue that they are reaching the youth who would otherwise be lost to the streets. The young, charismatic imams (clerics), labelled by some as agitators, appear to know how to reach these young people. They are impressing young Muslims by narrowing the notion of religiousness. After hearing them, one could almost believe that the world consists of two dimensions: religious and non-religious, good and bad, heaven and hell. A popular young German imam explained, “Western ideology tells you not to obey anyone. God knows best what is good for the individual, which is why people must abide by his rules. And even if Allah were to instruct you to spend your entire life with one leg against the wall, you would have to do it, because Allah is your God.”

Reaffirmation of Muslim identity has also been attributed to the social exclusion, unemployment and discrimination that some Muslims experience in their adopted countries. There are cases of Muslim migrants mostly in Europe not fitting into their new societies and living life on the margins, described as ghettoisation. Turning to radical Islam is described as a defensive reaction by young Muslims suffering from an identity crisis, being trapped in competing socialisation environments: secular societies and institutions that proposed equity but in reality offered discrimination, and the traditional home with its passive religious values and narrow focus on the Muslim community and rituals.

Generally though, Muslim immigrants thrive on the western menu of personal freedom, market economies, meritocracies, gender equality, religious pluralism and consensual government as compared to the tribalism, gender apartheid, religious intolerance, statism and authoritarianism prevailing in their home societies. Muslims, as a group, enjoy a standard of living higher than the national averages, and do not reject or revolt against western materialism. Western Muslims are not desperate or poor turning to radical Islam for heavenly solace. By reducing the economic dimension to its proper proportions, and appreciating the religious, cultural and political dimensions, we may actually begin to understand the allure of radical Islam.

The terror attacks in the US and Europe, without any doubt, have resulted in the rise of Islamo-phobia across the western world. Western governments and societies have done well to avoid serious discriminatory policies directed at Muslims, as a consequence. Despite mixed results, various integration models incorporating citizenship, assimilation and multiculturalism should be continued. However, there is an immediate need to devise strategies for keeping away future generations from the clutches of radical Islamist ideologies. The comprehensive plan should address the root causes of radicalisation and include de-radicalisation and re-integration programmes for disillusioned youth, trapped in narratives provided to them by Islamic fundamentalist ideologues.

Moreover, governments and societies must continue to denounce expressions of religious terrorism, violence, incitement and indoctrination by Muslim clergy and politicians. They must take vigorous action to neutralise Islamo-phobic proclamations by radical pastors and politicians. It is important to maintain strict oversight over violent, racist, xenophobic and sectarian comments and messages in the print and electronic media.

On the other hand, the scholars of Islam, Muslim leaders and others should present a more complex and balanced picture, which distinguishes between radical, fanatical and political Islam and a reformist, partly political, pluralistic and even moderate Islam. Currently, things have still not gotten out of control and there are chances of quick recovery only if moderate Muslim networks join hands with governments and societies to jointly push back against radicalisation. The message that democracy is the only elevator to power needs reinforcement again and again.

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27 Responses to "The Elevator to Power"

  1. debater Germany Internet Explorer Windows says:

    saad writes:

    “This does not support the sweeping, superficial theory offered by some who represent the Islamo-phobic school of thought, namely that Islam as a whole — and not only its radical factions — is intrinsically militant, fanatical, evil, violent, anti-western and anti-Semitic.”

    Denialism again. And again and again. Muslims must practise denialism.

  2. debater Germany Internet Explorer Windows says:

    to saad

    that islam is intrinsically fanatical (uncompromising, arrogant, finalist), deceitful, violence-glorifying-militant, anti-western/humanitarian and anti-JEWISH….

    That is NOT a superficial theory.
    It results from a deep and honest study and understanding of the kuran and its effects over many centuries.

  3. Gora Bandar United States Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    ” The growth of Salafism and its offshoots, seen as the ‘elevator to power’ in some major Muslim societies, draws the impressionable youth.”

    Saad Sahib, impressionable youth are always drawn to some form of idealism. They elected the first mulatto US President. Alas as it always is with youth….they eventually grow up.
    “When I was a child, I spoke as a child, I understood as a child, I thought as a child. But, when I became a man, I put away the things of a child. [12] We see now through a glass in a dark manner; but then face to face. Now I know in part; but then I shall know even as I am known. [13] And now there remain faith, hope, and charity, these three: but the greatest of these is charity. ” Corinthians 13 11-13

  4. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:

    Bandar bhai, no one in his right mind would suggest that charity without full faith and hope in Islam has anything to do with Islam. Are you sure you are not quoting from the Bible here just out of love? :)

  5. tajender United Arab Emirates Google Chrome Windows says:

    gora bandar i saw ur interview with bangladesh ambassdor on 1971.mukti bahini killed 150000 biharis and propakistan bengalees.pak army had obligation to act.why u were silent on this subject.
    quader mulla was winning elections for bangladesh senate,it shows that general bengalees were not opposed to alliance or good relations with pakistan.
    there are 11000 investors in bamgladesh,providing jobs to thousands of bengalees.
    wait ur reply.
    expansion of salafism is bad news.but their graph is going down.

  6. Shahzad Pakistan Safari iPad says:

    There are two major philosophies in Sunni Islam, the golden age which produced the leading scientists , philosophers , medical researchers , mathematicians , which studied preislamic work on these subjects and consolidated these sciences and in fact brought enlightenment to Christianity which was going through its dark ages. People like ibn Sina , Ibn Rushd , Ibn Khuldun. These were the muzilites, their Islamic philosophy, was on the basis that Islamic injunctions have to be on the basis of logic and reason. Along comes Imam Ghazali and ushered in the Ashari’s philosophy, to summarise 1) the Quran being God’s speech , is not created and cannot be interpreted by man 2) reference to non Islamic research cannot be applied to Quran 3) concept of predestination. His work Incoherence of the falsfa was challenged by Ibn Rushd with Incoherence of the Incoherent. However to the major Sunni scholars imam Ghazalis philosphy had more weight. With this out went reason and logic and in came dogma . The fanaticism is based on the dominance of dogma and death if logic and reason.

  7. kaalchakra United States Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    Shahzad Bhai

    Although I cannot claim to have studied Ghazali in any great depth, your post above is a bit scandalous. The way you have phrased your attack on Al Ghazali, you have almost accused him and Sunnis of comitting the purely evil, and unacceptable to all of us, crime of biddah. If you would not mind, please help us understand how Ghazali forbade interpretation, changed the teachings of the Holy Quran, or introduced ‘dogma’ (as you called it) that did not exist in the Holy Quran. If you are a Shia, or Ahmadi, we can probably also discuss how Shia adn Ahmadi beliefs and practices do not constitute biddah and are based on logic and reason – as you see them. Thank you.

  8. HistoryBuff United States Safari iPad says:



    A later generation of theologians, the Ash‘arites, named after Al Ash‘ari, born A. D. 873, are forced by the weight of evidence to admit a certain irrationality in theological concepts, and their philosophical speculations, largely based on Stoicism, are strongly mixed with Sceptical theories. They hold the middle way between the traditionalists who want to forbid all reasoning on religious matters and those who affirm that reason unaided by revelation is capable of attaining religious truths. Since Ghazali founds his attack against the philosophers on Ash‘arite principles, we may consider for a moment some of their theories. The difference between the Ash‘arite and Mu‘tazilite conceptions of God cannot be better expressed than by the following passage which is found twice in Ghazali (in his Golden Means of Dogmatics and his Vivification of Theology) and to which by tradition is ascribed the breach between Al Ash‘ari and the Mu‘tazilites.
    ‘Let us imagine a child and a grown-up in Heaven who both died in the True Faith, but the grown-up has a higher place than the child. And the child will ask God, “Why did you give that man a higher place?” And God will answer, “He has done many good works.” Then the child will say, “Why did you let me die so soon so that I was prevented from doing good?” God will answer, “I knew that you would grow up a sinner, therefore it was better that you should die a child.” Then a cry goes up from the damned in the depths of Hell, “Why, O Lord, did you not let us die before we became sinners?” ’
    Ghazali adds to this: ‘the imponderable decisions of God cannot be weighed by the scales of reason and Mu‘tazilism’.

  9. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    kaal bhai following may help you.moral and religious teachings of ibn gazzali,………………………………………………………..

  10. HistoryBuff United States Safari iPad says:


    In the last part of his book Ghazali treats the natural sciences. He enumerates them and declares that there is no objection to them according to religion except on four points. The first is that there exists a logical nexus between cause and effect; the second, the selfsubsistent spirituality of the soul; the third, the immortality of this subsistent soul; the fourth, the denial of bodily resurrection. The first, that there exists between cause and effect a logical necessity, has to be contested according to Ghazali, because by denying it the possibility of miracles can be maintained.

    — this last is what destroyed Islamic sciences, for science is the study of cause and effect.

  11. HistoryBuff United States Safari iPad says:


    Emotionally the difference goes deep. Averroës is a philosopher and a proud believer in the possibility of reason to achieve a knowledge of ‘was das Innere der Welt zusammenhält’. He was not always too sure, he knew too much, and there is much wavering and hesitation in his ideas. Still, his faith in reason remains unshaken. Although he does not subscribe to the lofty words of his master that man because of the power of his intellect is a mortal God, he reproaches the theologians for having made God an immortal man. God, for him, is a dehumanized principle. But if God has to respond to the needs of man’s heart, can He be exempt from humanity? Ghazali is a mu’min, that is a believer, he is a Muslim, that is he accepts his heart submits to a truth his reason cannot establish, for his heart has reasons his reason does not know. His theology is the philosophy of the heart in which there is expressed man’s fear and loneliness and his feeling of dependence on an understanding and loving Being to whom he can cry out from the depths of his despair, and whose mercy is infinite. It is not so much after abstract truth that Ghazali strives; his search is for God, for the Pity behind the clouds.

  12. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:


    The charge against Ghazali, if any, must be established by showing to Muslims how the great teacher of Islam was saying what the Holy Quran, does not say – with any clarity grater than what the Holy Book supports the claims of his opponents. Reason which does not support the Holy Quran is not a good guide to understanding the Holy Quran or Islam from the Islamic point of view.

    In short, opponents of the Great Ghazali must show that the Holy Quran supports their views more than it supports the views of the Great Ghazali.

  13. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:

    In other words, appearing ‘reasonable’ to Islamic unbelievers is neither here nor there; it is utterly irrelevant to any discussion in an Islamic context.

  14. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    GROUND REALITY……………………………………………………………….

  15. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:

    tajender bhai, greed for ilm is an excellent phrase. Islamic knowledge is knowledge from Allah and one that supports or does not contravene that knowledge as contained safely in the Holy Quran. This is the basic tenet of Islam which, naturally, the enemies of Islam are trying to demolish.

  16. tajender United Arab Emirates Internet Explorer Windows says:

    kaal bhai result of european greed for knowledge,

    The owner of Fortis Memorial Research Institute and six doctors were booked for cheating and other charges after a man moved a court alleging that the hospital had not conducted tests on his daughter properly.

    Fortis on Sunday said it would comment after studying the police complaint.

    Owner Malvinder Mohan Singh and doctors Sanjeev K Choudhary, Neeraj Parkash, Ritu Chadha, Nandini Vasdev, Vineet Pant and Abhinav Singhal have been booked for breach of trust, cheating, criminal conspiracy and some other sections of the Indian Penal Code.

    The complainant moved the court saying the hospital had caused him and his family mental trauma by generating wrong test reports of his four-year-old daughter which indicated she was gravely ill and even after they were disproved, refused to admit their error.

    Siddharth Punia, a resident of DLF-5 area in Sector 54, told the district court that his daughter Rutvi complained of joint pain in November, and was taken to an orthopaedics specialist at Fortis, who referred the case to a paediatric rheumatologist at Delhi’s Sir Gangaram Hospital as there was no clinical finding of any abnormality.

    The doctors found the child normal after clinical examination but suggested some more tests.

    The family got the tests done at the Fortis SRL Lab here in December, but were shocked to see the report putting Rutvi’s lactate dehydrogenase count at 610 (against the biological reference range of 81-234), indicating her body tissues were disintegrating.

    Possible causes could be lethal diseases like hemolysis and other disorders including cancer, meningitis, encephalitis, acute pancreatitis, and HIV etc.

    Punia said that on the basis of the report, the child had to undergo many more tests, which again came out normal.

    Another lactate dehydrogenase test put the count at 542 against the biological reference range of 313-618, which clearly showed Rutvi’s condition was normal, he said.

    Punia said they sought clarification from Fortis Hospital authorities but alleged that they were made to wait and sent from one official to another, and when they protested, threatened with eviction.

    He said that Neeraj Prakash generated another report where the reference range was revised to 313-618, but did not answer any queries about the previous report and the unnecessary subjection of the child to harmful tests.

    He contended that due to one wrong report, the family had to undergo acute mental trauma and the child was wrongfully exposed to harmful radiations, whose after-effects are still unknown. He said Rutvi was still traumatised and afraid to go to hospital.

    The court has directed police to register a case, investigate the matter and submit a report on or before January 25.

    “We are investigating the case,” police officer Vijay Kumar told IANS.

    Meanwhile, an official spokesperson for Fortis said: “We have just got the information and are yet to know the contents of the complaint.”

    “However, we would like to assure the relatives that the diagnostic results and scans in respect of the patient are accurate, among the most benign and well under the safety limits prescribed,” he said.

  17. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    kaal bhai,
    you say ,In short, opponents of the Great Ghazali must show that the Holy Quran supports their views more than it supports the views of the Great Ghazali.

    Al-Ghazali had an important influence on both Muslim philosophers and Christian medieval philosophers. Margaret Smith writes in her book Al-Ghazali: The Mystic (London 1944): “There can be no doubt that al-Ghazali’s works would be among the first to attract the attention of these European scholars” (page 220). Then she emphasizes, “The greatest of these Christian writers who was influenced by al-Ghazali was St. Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274), who made a study of the Arabic writers and admitted his indebtedness to them. He studied at the University of Naples where the influence of Arab literature and culture was predominant at the time.” In addition, Aquinas’ interest in Islamic studies could be attributed to the infiltration of ‘Latin Averroism’ in the 13th century, especially at the University of Paris.

    Al-Ghazali’s influence has been compared to the works of Thomas Aquinas in Christian theology, but the two differed greatly in methods and beliefs. Whereas al-Ghazali rejected non-Islamic philosophers such as Aristotle and saw fit to discard their teachings on the basis of their “unbelief,” Aquinas embraced them and incorporated ancient Greek and Latin thought into his own philosophical writings.

    Al-Ghazali also played a very major role in integrating Sufism with Shariah. He was also the first to present a formal description of Sufism in his works. His works also strengthened the status of Sunni Islam against other schools. The Batinite (Ismailism) had emerged in Persian territories and were gaining more and more power during al-Ghazali’s period, as Nizam al-Mulk was assassinated by the members of Ismailis. Al-Ghazali strongly rejected their ideology and wrote several books on criticism of Baatinyas which significantly weakened their status.

    he was muslim who rejected philosophies of aristotle and plato.

  18. masadi Pakistan Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    All logic is dogmatic since it is socially rooted, there is no such thing as a transcendent logic for that you will need a language of nature, the Quran comes closest to that hence the logic of the Quran unlike capitalist logic with its accounting principles and “science” is transcendent, based on that its “reason” is most weighty. You need to wonder why these logic and reason philosophers all come to the fore when either society is changing or capitalism is becoming ascendent.

  19. tajender United Arab Emirates Internet Explorer Windows says:

    masadi capitalism like imperialism is predatory we need something new.

  20. HistoryBuff United States Mozilla Firefox Mac OS says:

    KC wrote: “The charge against Ghazali, if any, must be established by showing to Muslims how the great teacher of Islam was saying what the Holy Quran, does not say – with any clarity greater than what the Holy Book supports the claims of his opponents. Reason which does not support the Holy Quran is not a good guide to understanding the Holy Quran or Islam from the Islamic point of view.”


    Which cannot be done, because it was Ghazali who firmly established the proposition that “Reason which does not support the Holy Quran is not a good guide to understanding the Holy Quran or Islam from the Islamic point of view”. Metaphorically, Ghazali kicked down the ladder on which he ascended, and cannot be displaced by trying to follow him – he discredited the ladder.

    The only way for Muslims to undo the dire effects of Ghazali is to start with what preceded him.

  21. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:

    “Ghazali kicked down the ladder on which he ascended, and cannot be displaced by trying to follow him – he discredited the ladder”

    HB, as a good Muslim, he simply had to do that. Islam is concerned with the Truth alone. Totally discrediting falsehood and error constitutes the very core of Islam, and is the basic obligation of any serious-minded Muslim. In the Holy Quran, Allah unambiguously stated that that those who did not believe Prophet Muhammad and in Islam’s perfection, did not read, and were worse than animals. These latter people were the source of unfathomable problems, not only for themselves, but most importantly, also for the world at large. Al Ghazali ably let this divine Light of the Holy Quran shine as it was meant to shine.

    It probably helps to remember that the Arab world was quite cosmopolitan, and was full of wrong ideas, before Islam spread Allah’s Light there. These people had been in touch with the Greeks. They knew what Judaism was. They had Christians and followers of other religions living there. Proto-communist and probably atheist ideas existed there too. All those wrong ideas did not suddenly die. They continued to struggle for survival for many centuries, misleading good Muslims who wanted to surrender to Islam, drawing them away from Islam. (Just as Pakistan’s true soul did not shine fully in its early years).

    Al Ghazali helped put the stamp of Islam on societies that wanted to live by it. IMHO, no true Muslim would be or should be interested in displacing him or the Holy Quran with any thing else just because they totally and actively discredited all others, and ‘kicked down the ladder’ they themselves used.

  22. kaalchakra United States Google Chrome Windows says:

    But I do agree with your basic point. Any Muslim who, for whatever reason, does wish to escape from Islam does have to at least start with what existed before Ghazali, if not with what existed ‘before Islam’ itself. To what extent any of that is possible or desirable is best left to people’s judgement.

  23. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    kaal bhaiiread all ur blogs with interest,though not agreeing with u on most,i hope u will enjoy the following article published by jesuit university of new york on ibn ghazali, CONFESSION OR DELIVERENCE FROM ERROR

  24. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:


  25. tajender United Arab Emirates Mozilla Firefox Windows says:

    DEBATER MANY ISLAMOPHOBES CONVERTED TO ISLAM WHEN THEY START LEARING ISLAM to abuse muslims.that include deputy head of rightist muslim hate party of holland i am sure u will have same end.

    NEWS…satanic church of oaklohama is installing 2 meter high statue of saitan for saitanists to visit and pray in temple.

  26. tajender United Arab Emirates Internet Explorer Windows says:

    A group of Muslim intellectuals & moderators of worldofaligs are sending an open POSER on behalf of worldofaligs to the spokesmen of AAM AADMI PARTY

    On Saturday, 11 January 2014, 23:43, Sumbul Raza wrote:
    POSER on behalf of worldofaligs

    A very sizeable section of the Muslims of India is lost in the whirl of dilemma searching for identity in their own Nation. So, well established and grounded in Indian history, the Muslims are not able to locate or establish themselves in India.
    This section cannot be ignored.
    Political parties pay lip service and keep Muslims in good humor around elections only.
    In sermons, Muslims are taught the lesson to forgive and forget, but this may not and should not be taken as license to do anything.
    There have been several studies, both official and non-official to look into backwardness in their economic and educational fields. But nothing substantial is visible even after more than sixty years of independence.
    The Muslims still remain a beleaguered community
    The new, most alarming trend has been, to book innocent Muslim youth as scapegoats in terrorist activities. Thousands of innocent youths are languishing in jails for the fault of a few disgruntled and frustrated elements.
    Whenever there is a communal riot the political parties compete among themselves making allegations against others.
    Little is done to help the victims and nothing done to prevent recurrence.
    The difference between Janta Party’s emergence in 1977 and Aam Admi Party (AAP) is that, AAP has emerged in “peaceful” time. Muslims of India in 1977 voted en-mass for the Janta Party (the main constituent of which was Jan Sangh). They even elected an Aligarh Muslim University,a member of Jan Sangh party,Professor Mozziz Ali Beg as MLA from Aligarh, .
    But in return, Muslims were rewarded with a nonstop wave of over 15 years of communal riots & a symbolic insult to Muslims by desecrating the Babri Mosque.

    It is therefore imperative for the AAP to identify its policies on a large number of crucial issues facing Muslim community. This would be in this Party’s own interest as well.

    Here are few ‘posers’ for this party to answer:
    1. What are AAP’s plans to meet out the challenges to remove the economic backwardness among large number of this beleaguered community’s members? .The much famous Sachar Committee report is for everyone to see. How many of AAP’s policy makers have studied this report and what are their reactions to points raised in this report?.
    We look forward to their reactions point wise.
    2. Coupled with economic backwardness is educational backwardness.Originated as a school, Aligarh Muslim University had come into existence in 1920.Muslims of India look at this Institution as a center for their aspirations. There have been demands for grant of minority character to this University but all efforts have gone in vain taking the refuge of matter being sub-judice in view of a case pending in the Supreme Court of India.
    Though,there have been instances when the Governments,have brought in laws and ordinances to overcome judicial hurdles.
    But this has not been the case for AMU.
    What is the Party’s view on this issue?
    3.In order to overcome educational backwardness among Muslims what are the Party’s other plans. Do they agree to opening up of educational institutions in Muslim dominated areas?
    What steps the Party envisages in providing security and meeting out the challenges of communal forces on law and order front. How does the Party view the problem of lot of innocent young men languishing in jails and what are the Party’s solutions to tackle this problem.
    4.Muslims identify URDU,the language as part of their cultural heritage. How and in what way the Party shall protect and enrich this cultural heritage.

  27. tajender United Arab Emirates Google Chrome Windows says:

    balwinder misra pankaj rajtoo,kaal bhai,maggu,mohan

    Wayne May, the US diplomat expelled last week by New Delhi in tit-for-tat action over the Devyani Khobragade row, and his wife Alicia Muller, also an embassy official, made deeply offensive comments about India, its people and culture on Facebook during their stay here.

    In a photograph posted online, they said their pet dog Paco looks bigger and in better health than their Indian gardener. Mr May commented that this was because his dog got more protein in his diet than the gardener did.

    His wife, Ms Muller, who worked as a liaison officer, joined a discussion over a textbook that reportedly claims non-vegetarians are more inclined to commit violence and sexual crimes to say, “It’s the vegetarians that are doing the raping, not the meat eaters – this place is just so bizarre.” When another commentator joked that he had never raped anyone, Alicia wrote, “Applies only to Indians, not westerners!”

    In another post, Alicia put up the picture of a cow in India and called it “stupid cow”. When someone observed, “You just insulted their god…,” Alicia retorted, “Not the first time, not the last”.

    The US state department has distanced itself from the couple’s comments. State department deputy spokesperson Marie Harf said today, “Those comments absolutely do not reflect US government policy, nor were they made on any official US government social media account.”

    In an interview to a journal called Monitor International Interviews, in 2011, Mr May said about his three years here, “Challenges in India include unhealthy living conditions like air and water pollution, the threat of disease and sickness, bad traffic and everything else that one would associate with a developing country with a population of over 1.2 billion”.

    Wayne May headed the security team at the US embassy in Delhi. He was expelled last week in retaliation for the expulsion from the US of Indian diplomat Devyani Khobragade, who was arrested and strip-searched in New York last month for allegedly underpaying her domestic help Sangeeta Richards.

    Mr Wayne was involved in arranging for the “evacuation” of three members of Ms Richard’s family from India two days before Ms Khobragade was arrested.

    For NDTV Updates,

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