By Rukhshan Meer
There is no doubt in the fact that anyone these days would require any sort of introduction regarding cameras and their functioning in the media world. As Chaudhry Nisar also said in his press conference a week ago that media is the most important tool to win the war against terrorism at the physiological end and yes, we can see that camera does have the power to win any social, economic or religious war on the physiological grounds.
Our neighbors (India) are portraying a far better image of their country by making quality films and flourishing their media industry. All they are showing is an economically stronger and socially worthy India by using technology extensively and showcasing the most optimum situations in their films. As a result, they don’t know our cultural values but in Pakistan, even toddlers are familiar with Indian culture. This is called the power of film, so we must know a little bit about the invention behind this powerful tool.
Invention of the film equipment took place when a Muslim physic, Ibn-Al-Haythem created the first pinhole camera after observing that how light travelled through a window shutter, and he is the one who invented camera obscura.
(Here is a photo of pinhole camera)
It was 1816 when the first photograph of a camera image was made by Nicephore Niepce (March 7, 1765 – July 5, 1833) a French inventor who also known as the inventor of photography. Nicephore also served as a staff officer in the French army under Napoleon.
In the 18th century the French and Americans were notorious for gambling, they use to gamble on horse racing but a problem that sometimes arose was that it was difficult or almost impossible to tell which horse crossed the line first because the results were very close, there was no proper instrument to capture that scene and the inefficient cameras of that time were not so capable of doing so.
So they felt the need of an instrument which could perform this duty for them and they started to work on an instrument which could catch these moments accurately. They needed something like moving or motion pictures and they made it.
In 1895 Auguste Marie Louis Nicolas (19 October 1862 – 10 April 1954) and Louis Jean (5 October 1864 – 6 June 1948)
Collectively known as the Luminier brothers patented cinematograph and made the first silent documentary film named as “Arrival of a Train” at Laciotat in 1896. This film comprised of 53 seconds of people coming out of a train on a station.
There is no apparent intentional camera movement, and the film consists of one continuous real-time shot. Now in the 21st century, the era of modern and latest technology this film appears quite funny and you would probably laugh but back in 18th century when the Lumiere brothers played this film on the screen people rushed out of their seats panicking because they thought that the train would come out of the projector screen and into the room and might just ran them over. Another significant aspect of the film is that it illustrates the use of the long shot to establish the setting of the film, followed by a medium shot, and close-up.
Until that time film making had not acquired the title of the 7th art after Drawing, Painting, Architecture, Ceramics, Photography, Sculpture because it wasn’t an art unless it was being edited or going through some kind of editing and now in the 21st century you can see how filming has become an art. Modern camera work and film making has transformed it into a complete industry or something more than an industry. From random news to hot issues of current affairs and international relations, camera is the main source to propagate the information. It has become the source of making and re-shaping the public perceptions and opinion. And with further developments in the field of technology, the camera and filming methods would also improve and introduce new inventions as holograms for public.