Part II: Pakistan’s Foreign Policy & Global Shifting Trends

By Muqeet Tahir Malik

Continuation of Part I

A crux of foreign policy today is the nuclear doctrine adopted by a government. In South Asia, a balance of power exists as both India, and Pakistan have not rectified several accords. These include CTBT, Non -proliferation treaty, and with this status, both countries cannot be a part of NSG. However, it is in the monopoly of a few to give waivers but surprisingly, NSG was formed in reaction to Indian Nuclear testing 1974. It had the mandate of developing a group with non -proliferation status plus to advocate for establishment of Nuclear weapons free zone in every bit of this world.  However, the stark shift in US foreign policy owes to the Indo US strategic alliance, and Chabahar Port interests to curtail CPEC is unabated now.  Withal to it is the fact that as lobbies work on mutual interests; US and India have much more commonalities in foreign policy.  *

 

cpec

In recent times, our relations with People’s Republic of China have grown as a result of CPEC. In context of Pakistan-China relationship, both are dependent on one another to stave off the US growing influence, global overreach and Indian containment on the region. CPEC is not aimed at militarizing the region, but rather to provide a viable route for goods to Middle East and the corridors of Europe. On the contrary, the US-Indian naval forces have initiated naval war time exercises in South China Sea.  As stated in a press release by Secretary Defense, India that we have helped. It is in paradox to their commitment to a nuclear free, peaceful world. Pakistan should adopt a unified foreign policy that would aim at informing the embassies abroad to hold seminars on the economic potential and prosperity of CPEC. This is a ‘one belt, one road’ project stretching across 60 countries; where it would espouse untapped resources. It is a friendly, pro-business evolution policy rather than a belligerent one sided approach led by US in this area. An estimate of $146bn is expected across Africa, and southern Europe in CPEC expansion. United Nations disarmament and International Security Council along with IAEA should be concerned about Indo-US ties fluttering into a Sino-US rivalry. It is detrimental to our global interests of developing NWFZ because South China Sea a spanned area with the adjoining islands could be another potential nuclear flashpoint. Along with this, a notice is to be taken by UNSC upon the wobbling on Chinese sovereignty by Indian media, and politicians. In no way can a narrative be carved and beefed up to instigate a war. Our region is already in a turmoil of terrorism, Afghan endgame, and rising insurgencies. **

Not to forget, Pakistan’s initiatives on newly emerging blocs shall be built upon bandwagon of multidimensional economic liberation. Whether it is the Premier address at UN this September, OIC, everyone should be geared towards serving promote the interests of the developing world without reference to ideology. Non-alignment gives one a considerable edge while transforming blocs by virtue of chaining realities. India has held a successful policy of non-alignment which is hidden with the ease which is expressed in International Relations.  Maneuverability, however, owing to Internal political, religious and moral grounds, Pakistan cannot galvanize non alignment; It can exercise it in the economic cooperation  Pakistan – China cooperation is vital but it is also pivotal to take on board a similar thought process. It can arch over a group of countries to waiver off the concerns of ambitious countries on CPEC. Methodology can range from diplomatic, Political to military power. However, diplomatic front led by China with Pakistan can form a bulwark against anti Pak-Sino bloc in the UNSC. This bloc will comprise of Central Asian states, Middle East like UAE, Saudi Arabia, Turkey and Southern Europe. It can provide economic incentives for investing in CPEC serving multi-pronged boons. Keeping our doors open for Iran in CPEC will as evident from recent happenings, foster our mutual border control mechanism, and trust. If a conflict situation arises, our non- alignment policy will help us to evict any threat from anywhere. Furthermore, now in the 21st century world, following indicators are added in assessing foreign policies, democracy in its intrinsic form, a newfangled globalization of media, Economic supremacy (Trade), security policy coordination, Cultural diversity, and a new social contract for governments. ***

539dbada3c548
Lastly, Zarb ae Azb, a conscious effort of Pakistan security forces has to be projected to eminent personalities.  Coming of congressman like Senator Macan to Waziristan being an eye witness to it, and rectified it then why other politicians cannot be convinced in USA.  This is tantamount to being jeopardized if others are oblivious of Pakistan acting on Zero tolerance for all pig headed extremists. It will help in reconciliation with USA consequently, enabling us to obtain our right of funds. These are an essential part of the War against Terrorism which has crippled our economy by $107bn.    It is a global initiative which Pakistan has led successfully and deserves to be adulated; in no way it is beggary cross border mechanism, an initiative of Pakistan Army shall also be advocated. Afghan and ISAF both should set up buffer and security check points at the porous Afghan border. To neutralize Indian accusations, Pakistan has to raise the issue infiltration in Baluchistan. Concurrently, demand for the Baluch separatists in asylum in India, and Geneva; End to the encroachment upon Kashmiri rights, and requesting an inquiry by UNHRC in Indian held Kashmir. It would coerce the perpetrators to justice, and an end to unabated violence in Srinagar. One can also highlight the religious discrimination in India. Albeit, as fore mentioned, diplomacy with all countries regardless of economic indicators is essential. Like a bloc with even more poor counties can be bolstered to vote on Kashmir dispute.  Eid and congregational prayers banned in Kashmir, a violation of Article 3 of Universal Human rights. Several infractions like these in Kashmir quadrupling the afflicted class miseries; No one can even hold a peaceful demonstration, a cornerstone of freedom in secularist states. Indian reaction to Uri assault was pre-determined, and out of the cuff. However, we can nullify it vouching for Zarb ae Azb triumph and our border patrol mechanism being centered at UN. ****

In an epilogue, an Indian centered Pro Doval bloc stance to isolate Pakistan in the global arena can be foiled through a policy of Diplomacy, Non alignment, and formation of blocs with small yet peaceful nations especially in Africa, Middle East, and parts of Southern Europe like Czech Slovakia, Austria etcetera. This will aid them with a confidence of strong Pakistani support while with a greater vote bank in the United Nations. Shifting of alliances has to be apprehended, and internal policy be connected to external relations to exhibit ‘National Interest’. Interests maybe smorgasbord from Economic to Educational to military. As they say:

‘’Domestic policy can only defeat us; foreign policy can kill us.  ‘’ John F Kennedy

Sources:

* (Lobby working issues raised by Moeed Yousaf, plushttp://www.dawn.com/news/1279257/modis-objective,Indian objective and how we should react)

** (IAEA plus DISEC committee resolutions in UN on focusing on development of nuclear weapons free zone idea

*** India US memorandum of logistics agreement, Theory of Free economy, CPEC challenge

**** UN Universal Human Rights articles, Zarb ae Azb success report by 75 pc by US institute, Modi speech invoking Baluchistan

 

Muqeet Tahir Malik, currently pursuing civil engineering at Military college of Engineering, Risalpur, NUST has an inclination to join Pakistan’s finest civil services or Army to utilize his skills for Pakistan’s prosperity. He tweets @muqeetmalik1996.

 

  • Harun

    Nervous Pakistan Army shuts down all it’s Official Twitter and Facebook accounts

  • Harun

    China-Pak Economic Corridor: Why Gwadar Is An Overrated Port

    ‘So my advice to my Pakistani friends is – please don’t parade the CPEC and Gwadar to the world. It’s not your salvation, it’s your cross.’

    http://swarajyamag.com/world/china-pak-economic-corridor-why-gwadar-is-an-overrated-port

  • Nuree

    Biggest Pakistan Media Conspiracy Revealed!

    Congress and AAP have fallen in trap of Pakistan’s ISPR propaganda machinery.

    We all have seen how Pakistan is creating igniting debate on Surgical Strike conducted by India last week. They are propagating false news that there was no surgical strike by India. But this is the same OLD TRICK the Pakistan played in 2010 as well.

    Pakistan media in 2010 had claimed that they had wikileaks cables which had revealed dark truth’s about Indian Army. This was an attempt to malign the Indian Army and cry foul in the United Nations. But the story of Pak lies were demolished by The Guardian. The Pakistan media and international media who had published it without verifying facts had to apologize later.

    All leading news papers and electronic media of Pakistan had reported news quoting WikiLeaks cable, same news articles were sent to all leading global news houses and they too reported it without verifying from original source, WikiLeaks.

    When The Guardian did little bit of research about news and searched all WikiLeaks cables about so called news generated by Pakistani media, they were surprised to find no such cable was listed in WikiLeaks, after confirming same from WikiLeaks who also denied of having reported or uploading any such thing in their database, The Guardian exposed Pakistani lies after which Pakistan media had to apologize for carrying false news reports to defame Indian Army.

    Now present scenario is similar to 2010, where Pakistan army is trying it’s best to spread lies using its media houses and than the passing same news articles to international media houses.

    Their recent 2 big fake news articles were that Pak army took domestic as well as international media to Bhagsar and showed them no surgical strike has taken place, but if you read or watch same news none of journalists is reporting from Border Out Post (BOP) where they could see the real facts.

    Another news spread by Pakistan media and story followed by international media is that Secretary General UN, Ban Ki-moon’s spokesperson Stephane Dujarric has also rejected India’s claim, but fact is in the daily press briefing, Dujarric said “The UN Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan (UNMOGIP) has not directly observed any firing across the LoC related to the latest incidents.”

    Now why hasn’t UNMOGIP directly observed any such strike…?

    Because surgical strike took place in PoK whereas UNMOGIP is located in Islamabad which is good 170 km away from ground zero on LoC, and they weren’t taken to LoC by Pakistani army like they took journalists.

    By riding shoulder of UNMOGIP’s claim that they haven’t “directly observed any firing” Pakistan did self goal as one can’t be witness to event that took place 170kms away from his office.

    Wait for few weeks for Pakistan army and Pakistan media to deny their story again.

  • Arun

    I wish Muqeet Tahir Malik great success in his career. With being so much out of touch with reality, he will only hasten the demise of the Pakistani military/terrorist complex.

  • Nuree

    PAKISTAN IS RATTLED

    Exclusive: Act against militants or face international isolation, civilians tell military
    CYRIL ALMEIDA —

    ISLAMABAD: In a blunt, orchestrated and unprecedented warning, the civilian government has informed the military leadership of a growing international isolation of Pakistan and sought consensus on several key actions by the state.

    As a result of the most recent meeting, an undisclosed one on the day of the All Parties’ Conference on Monday, at least two sets of actions have been agreed.

    First, ISI DG Gen Rizwan Akhtar, accompanied by National Security Adviser Nasser Janjua, is to travel to each of the four provinces with a message for provincial apex committees and ISI sector commanders.

    The message: military-led intelligence agencies are not to interfere if law enforcement acts against militant groups that are banned or until now considered off-limits for civilian action. Gen Akhtar’s inter-provincial tour has begun with a visit to Lahore.

    Second, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif has directed that fresh attempts be made to conclude the Pathankot investigation and restart the stalled Mumbai attacks-related trials in a Rawalpindi antiterrorism court.

    Those decisions, taken after an extraordinary verbal confrontation between Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif and the ISI DG, appear to indicate a high-stakes new approach by the PML-N government.

    The following account is based on conversations with Dawn of individuals present in the crucial meetings this week.

    All declined to speak on the record and none of the attributed statements were confirmed by the individuals mentioned.

    Foreign secretary’s presentation
    On Tuesday, on the day of the All Parties’ Conference, Foreign Secretary Aizaz Chaudhry gave a separate, exclusive presentation in the Prime Minister’s Office to a small group of civil and military officials.

    The meeting was chaired by Prime Minister Sharif and included senior cabinet and provincial officials. On the military side, ISI DG Rizwan Akhtar led the representatives.

    The presentation by the foreign secretary summarised the results of the recent diplomatic outreach by Pakistan, the crux being that Pakistan faces diplomatic isolation and that the government’s talking points have been met with indifference in major world capitals.

    On the US, Mr Chaudhry said that relations have deteriorated and will likely further deteriorate because of the American demand that action be taken against the Haqqani network. On India, Mr Chaudhry stated that the completion of the Pathankot investigation and some visible action against Jaish-i-Mohammad were the principal demands.

    Then, to a hushed but surprised room, Mr Chaudhry suggested that while China has reiterated its support for Pakistan, it too has indicated a preference for a change in course by Pakistan. Specifically, while Chinese authorities have conveyed their willingness to keep putting on technical hold a UN ban on Jaish-i-Mohammad leader Masood Azhar, they have questioned the logic of doing so repeatedly.

    Extraordinary exchange
    The foreign secretary’s unexpectedly blunt conclusions triggered an astonishing and potentially ground-shifting exchange between the ISI DG and several civilian officials.

    In response to Foreign Secretary Chaudhry’s conclusions, Gen Akhtar asked what steps could be taken to prevent the drift towards isolation. Mr Chaudhry’s reply was direct and emphatic: the principal international demands are for action against Masood Azhar and the Jaish-i-Mohmmad; Hafiz Saeed and the Lashkar-e-Taiba; and the Haqqani network.

    To that, Gen Akhtar offered that the government should arrest whomever it deems necessary, though it is unclear whether he was referring to particular individuals or members of banned groups generally. At that point came the stunning and unexpectedly bold intervention by Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif.

    Addressing Gen Akhtar, the younger Sharif complained that whenever action has been taken against certain groups by civilian authorities, the security establishment has worked behind the scenes to set the arrested free. Astounded onlookers describe a stunned room that was immediately aware of the extraordinary, unprecedented nature of the exchange.

    To defuse tensions, Prime Minister Sharif himself addressed Gen Akhtar and said that policies pursued in the past were state policies and as such they were the collective responsibility of the state and that the ISI DG was not being accused of complicity in present-day events.

    PM’s strategy?
    Several eyewitnesses to the incredible events of Monday believe that the foreign secretary’s presentation and Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif’s intervention were orchestrated by the prime minister to stir the military to action, leading to the decision to dispatch the ISI DG on an inter-provincial tour.

    Yet, according to the accounts shared with Dawn, the sparring between the ISI DG and civilian officials did not degenerate into acrimony.

    Earlier in the meeting, ISI DG Gen Akhtar stated that not only is it the military’s policy to not distinguish between militant groups, but that the military is committed to that policy prevailing. The ISI chief did mention concerns about the timing of action against several groups, citing the need to not be seen as buckling to Indian pressure or abandoning the Kashmiri people.

    Gen Akhtar also readily agreed to tour the provinces at the direction of the prime minister, issue fresh orders to ISI sector commanders and meet with provincial apex committees to chalk out specific actions that need to be taken in various provinces.

    According to several government officials, Monday’s confrontation was part of a high-stakes gamble by Prime Minister Sharif to try and forestall further diplomatic pressure on Pakistan. In separate meetings with the army chief, participants describe an animated and energised Mr Sharif, who has argued that Pakistan faces real isolation if policy adjustments are not made.

    Government officials, however, are divided about whether Prime Minister Sharif’s gamble will pay off. According to one official, commenting on the ISI DG’s commitments, “This is what we prayed to hear all our lives. Let’s see if it happens.”

    Another government official offered: “Wait till November to see if action will be taken. By then a lot of things will be settled.”

    Military officials declined to comment.

    Published in Dawn, October 6th, 2016

  • shafiz1
  • Nuree

    Saudis say 2 Pakistanis involved in terror plot. Pakistani newspaper publishes story on Sports page!
    Terrorism is now officially recognized sport in Pakistan.